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Helpful Tip from the Garden Geeks: What is Organic Gardening?
Organic gardening is the growing of vegetables without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.
It's accomplished by keeping the soil limed to a near neutral pH and following a rotation of crops where a good leguminous crop like clover occupies the space 2 out of 3 or 4 years. Animal manures are used to maintain the fertility of the ground. Also, plant refuse is composted, and this is applied to the soil. Organic fertilizers are also used.
This is done by increasing beneficial insects and pest predators like, spiders, bats and toads, in their garden. Crop rotation and companion planting are also very important in organic gardening to prevent pests and diseases.
Organic gardeners don't try to have a perfect garden with no problems, their goal is to keep them reduced enough that their will be no harm done to their crops.