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Phoenix dactylifera

Pronunciation: Fee-niks dak-ty-lif-er-uh
Family: Arecacea/palmae (palm family)
Common Name: Date palm
Plant Type:
  • trees, shrubs
Height to: 100'
Width to: 20' - 40'
USDA Hardiness Zones:
  • 30 to 20ºF ZONE 9
  • 40 to 30ºF ZONE 10
Sun Exposure:
  • full sun
Bloom Season:
  • early spring
  • mid spring
  • late spring
Bloom Description: The yellow orange to red fruit, called 'dates', are oblong and about 1. 5 in (3. 8 cm) in length. They consist of a large pointed seed surrounded by sweet sugary flesh. Dates are formed from flowers on 4 ft (1. 2 m) inflorescences that emerge from among the leaves in spring. Male and female flowers grow on separate plants. Only female plants produce dates and only if a male tree is nearby. Dates are not formed in climates that are too cool.
Soil Type: Not particular about soil and will even grow in poor soils. Prune suckers annually to create single trunk specimens.
Toxic:
  • No
Plant Perks:
  • Wind Tolerant
  • Deer Resistant
Pests and Diseases: Scale insects, leaf spot, leaf miners, mealybugs, thrips, spider mites
Propagation: Plant the seeds at a depth of 1 1/2" in well draining soil mixture. Suckers can be separated (with effort) to start new plants.
Native to: North africa - exactly where is indeterminable. The date palm was one of the first plants to be cultivated by humans. The people of north africa and the middle east have depended on dates as a food source for thousands of years. During this long interval, man has constantly selected those trees that produced the finest fruit.
Notes for Identification: Source: floridata - this is a spectacular palm for landscaping large areas. In recent years many commercial date farms in the western u. S. Have closed due to a number of economic pressures. As a result large specimens are available at very competitive prices, even when shipped to florida. As i write this, a half dozen date palms were installed at the entrance to a new local office complex which i think makes the otherwise undistinguished corporate architecture handsome and interesting. Date palms are also frequently seen guarding the entrances to upscale housing developments and standing at attention along boulevards.
Located in: Seed Photos
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