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Gynandriris sisyrinchium

Pronunciation: Gy-nan-dir-iss sis-ih-rin-key-um
Family: Iridaceae
Synonym: Iris sisyrinchium
Common Name: Barbary nut, spanish nut
Plant Type:
  • bulb, tuber, corm
Height to: 8"
Width to: 5"
USDA Hardiness Zones:
  • 0 to -10ºF ZONE 6
  • 10 to 0ºF ZONE 7
  • 20 to 10ºF ZONE 8
Sun Exposure:
  • part sun
  • full sun
Bloom Season:
  • mid spring
  • late spring
  • early summer
Bloom Description: Barbary nut (gynandriris sisyrinchium) bears a succession of small, iris like flowers, 3/4-1 1/2" across; opening in the afternoon, they vary from pale lavender blue to violet blue, with a white, yellow or orange mark on the 3 larger petals
Soil Type: Barbary nut (gynandriris sisyrinchium) prefer medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, well-drained
Pests and Diseases: Barbary nut (gynandriris sisyrinchium) is rarely bothered by pests and diseases
Propagation: Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Native to: Mediterranean to s. W. Asia
Winter Sowing Zones: None
Notes for Identification: Barbary nut (gynandriris sisyrinchium) is a cormous perennial. The root is edible raw or cooked and is also used as a spice. Some caution is advised. pin it
USDA Heat Zones (days above 86ºF):
  • 120 to 150 days ZONE 9
  • 150 to 180 days ZONE 10
Seed photo: 0
Seed Label: 0
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